Concussions are mild traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Changes to the brain after a concussion are typically functional rather than structural. That means that the way the brain works changes after a concussion, but typically there is not long-lasting damage. Many people make a full recovery with a few days to a few months.
However, having multiple concussions or other risks factors, such as pre-existing problems with migraines, puts people at risk for complicated recovery from concussion. Prevention for people at risk for multiple concussions, such as athletes and military personnel, is important to ensure that they are well protected, reducing the chances for concussion to occur.
Our mission is to advocate for strong injury prevention programs and provide awareness and education on the recognition, diagnosis, and management of sports induced brain injuries.
The CDC has a variety of excellent resources around Concussion and Mild TBI, including when to seek care, and how to return to activity as you recover. Also included in their resources is HEADS UP training for parents, athletes, coaches, and professionals to learn to identify and manage concussions. This interactive training is free, and takes only about 30 minutes to complete.